JAINISM in Bengal, 5 temple in Bengal( panchatreeth)

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Archaeological evidence shows jainsm was significant religious in Bengal during the early historic period.

SARAK: SARAK are a Jain community in Bihar , Bengal , Orissa and Jharkhand. They have been followers of Jainism since ancient times, however , they were isolated and separated from the Jain community in western northan and southern India. BHADRABAHU, the second louhacharaya and the author of kalpa sutra may have come from the SARAK community. The SARAK were agriculturist and moneylenders having landed properties. They have continued to remain vegetarian even through this practices is uncommon among other communities in the region. SARAK have parshva as a favored patron and recite the NAMOKARA mantra. The 24 th Tirthankara Mahavira visited this region accroding to kalpa sutra.

The SAKAR lost contact in Jain in rest of the India after its conquest by Ikhtiyar uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar khijli .contact with the Digambara Bundelkhand Jain was re-establish when the parents Manju chaudhary (1720-1785AD) was appointed the governor of Cuttack by the Maratha Empire

In 2009, more then 165 SARAK jains living in parts of West Bengal, Bihar, and Jharkhand visited the ancient Jain pilgrimage center of shravanabelagola.

Jain pilgrim place in Kolkata.

Pareshnath Jain Temple: Shyam bazar

Established:1867

Overview the pareshnath Jain temple is made up of various mirror, glass mosaic and colored stone. It overlooks the beautiful garden. The temple dedicated to pareshnath, who was the 23rd Jain Tirthankar, and this is one of the most important Jain temples in kolkata. the temple consist of four Temple inside of it. The deity of Lord sitalnathji is seated in the sanctum sanctorum, and his diamond – studded forehead is a mejor attraction for the visitors.

Purulia Jain temple:

Accroding to the Jain Bhagavati sutra, the place existed as early as 5th century and one of the 16 Maja janapadas of its time.It is believed that purulia was part of country known as Vajra – bhumi, in ancient time. History manifests it shalf in the built heritage of purulia. Places and temples reflect the royal past. The classic Architecture splendours primary constitute of Jain origin and design. The vast treasure house of the sculpture and carvings show case excellent creativity and craft man – ship of the artisans.

Where to stay:

Shankheshwarpuran Jain Tirth> SH 5, Sankara, WB 723126, purulia- barakar road, near Amara JN, pH:9932542001

Shri Adinath Bhagwan Jain Mandir, Kathgola:

Kathgola is another famous Jain temple situated near nashipur. The Adinath temple is build is an area over hundred acres. Garden with gorgeous decoration surrounding the temple is main attraction of this temple. There are several ponds enhancing beauty of this temple garden. There is a huge gate in the main entrance and a palace like building used as meseum. This museum was full with cut glass items manufactured by famous solar company in UK. Most of these expensive items were stolen in seventh decade of last century. Rai Laxmipat Singh Bahadoor Sugar built this temple along with a Dadabadi in 19th century. The place and garden are used many times for shootings Hindi and Bengali movies.

Shri Mahimapur Tirth:

Among the most of the five temples of West Bengal, this is the chief temple. It is believed that since it was setup in the beginning of 18th century , the Tirth has lived in prosperity .in those days many reach shravakas lived hear . In the year 1805 of the Vikram era, sherth Shri mahatabraji was honored with the title of Jagat sheth. This reach merchant build a splendid temple of stone tested abroad. Since the river there was flooded, the temple was removed else where. His descendents build this new temple in the year 1875 AD of the Vikram era and got this old idol reinstalled.

Shri jiagang treeth:

It is said that lord Mahavira had preached the people here in this treeth Kshetra. Thus in his memory many Jain temple had been build here .The idol of Lord parshvannatha is believed to process miraculous powers and is visited by thousand of Jain and non Jain from far-off places. They came hear to offer there prayers to the lord and receive his blessings. It is believed that if prayed with all devotion the lord fulfills the wishes of the pilgrims.

Temple of the Shri jiagang Treeth> The temple of Shri jiagang Treeth houses the idol of lord parshvannatha. The steam bara temple has been beautifully decorated with intricate designs. These stand as unique example of ancient art and boats about the skills of the craftsmen. The walls and pillars of the temple are adorned with specimens of the ancient art and paintings. The idol of lords is 38 cm in hight and is white in colour. It is seated in a padmasana posture. The idol has been beautifully carved from a single stone and looks very appealing. There are also facility’s for upashrays , Aram bilshala and janabhandar. The claim and tranquil village environment makes it a perfect place for religious activities.

Place to stay> Shree Neminathji SW. Jain Mandir, near United Bank of India, azimganj branch, jiaganj azimganj, WB- 742122. pH 03483 253312.

Shree Azimgang Treeth, murshidabad:

Azimgang , small town in murshidabad is home to 7 Jain temples of immense historical , architectural and spiritual value are located.

* Shree Neminathji Temple> this was built in samvat 1943 by Shree Singh covering an area of 2933.2616 Sq. MT

*Shree Padam Prabhuji Temple> was constructed in 1880 AD by Yati Vijay Chandji Khattarajachhit covering an Area of 764.0173 Sq.Mt. The idols are 500 years old.

*Shree Sumatinathji Temple > was built in 1856 AD by Uttam Chandji Nagar and was rebuilt by Setab Chandji Nahar in 1897 AD. This temple covers an area of 421.867 Sq.Mt

*Shree Sambhavnathji Temple> was founded in 1886 AD by Rai Dhanpat singhji Dugar and covers an Area of 3665.6731 Sq.Mt. This temple is home to the large idol of Jain Swtambaras in Eastern India.

*Shree chintamani Parasnathji Temple> was build in 1888 AD by Manhot famaily and idols are 500 years old.

*Shree Shantinathji Temple> was constructed in 1873 AD by Gulab Kumari Bibi and one of the idols belongs to Samvat 1510.

*Ram Bagh samalia parasnath Mandir and Dadabadi, >was built in 1870AD by Shree Singh . This temple complex is also home to temples from jangipur , kiaganj, cossimbazar which were rebuilt here.

Place to stay:

Shree chintamani Parshvanath Jain Mandir, p.o.- Azimganj- 742122, murshidabad( W.B) Tel- 03483-53312

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